Mudhol Hound, the Indian breed which is known for exceptional hunting skills.
Mudhol Hound, the Indian breed which is known for its exceptional hunting skills.

BENGALURU: Mudhol hounds, which are known for their exceptional hunting skills, will join Karnataka police force if everything goes as planned. These hounds have already been inducted into Indian army. Karnataka’s pride, these breed of dogs will support police for maintaining security and cracking the crime cases.

After noticing efficiency of Mudhol hounds, the Police Department has evinced a keen interest in inducting them in the dog squad. The Home Department has obtained a report in this regard from Bagalkot Superintendent of Police C B Rishyant. 

Sources in the Police Department said, it has been decided to take four Mudhol hounds to dog squad training centre located in Bengaluru. Crime & Technical Services’ Department’s ADGP A M Salim is likely to initiate the process of inducting the Mudhol hounds soon.

At present, foreign breed of dogs like Labrador retriever, Dobermann and Alsatian are being used in the dog squad of the Police Department. Labradors are used to detect explosives as they have a strong sense of smell. Alsatian and Dobermann are used to detect drugs and crime cases respectively. For the first time, Mudhol hound, an Indian canine breed is being used in the police department.

Afghanistan origin

The Mudhol Hound, also known as Caravan Hound is an Indian breed of dog of the sight hound type. The feathered variety is commonly referred to as a Pashmi. It is also called Karwani. It is a common pet among villagers in Karnataka State of India, who use it for hunting and guarding.

The Kennel Club of India (KCI) and Indian National Kennel Club (INKC) recognise the breed under different breed names. The KCI registers it as a Caravan Hound, while the INKC uses the name Mudhol Hound.

The postage stamp with face value of Rs 5 was released by Indian Postal Department on  January 9, 2005, together with three other dogs, the Himalayan Sheep Dog (Rs 5), Rampur Hound (Rs 5.00) and Rajapalayam (Rs 15), in recognition of the Mudhol Hound.

Unique look

The Mudhol or Caravan Hound has well-defined characteristics. It has the shape of Chetah.

The head is long and narrow, broad between the ears with a tapering muzzle. The jaws are long and powerful, with a scissors bite. The nose is large and black. The ears are pendulous and hang close to the skull. The eyes are large and oval in shape, from dark to hazel. The expression is a piercing gaze. 

The neck is long, clean, and muscular, and fits well into the shoulders. The forelegs are long and straight. The back is long, broad and well-muscled. The loins are wide and deep. The chest is strong and deep with well sprung ribs. The abdomen is tucked in. 

The gait is high-footed, flexing all four legs, but should not be hackneyed. There are two coat varieties— one with an entirely smooth coat and the other with silky featherings on the ears, legs, and tail. 

History

The Mudhol Hound (Caravan) was introduced to the Deccan Plateau of western India from Central Asia and Arabia, and can thus be considered a direct descendant of the Saluki or Tāzī (Afghanistan). The region covers parts of the states of Karnataka, Maharashtra, and, to a lesser degree, Andhra Pradesh. The breed is popular in and around Mudhol Taluk of Karnataka and thus the breed got the name Mudhol hound.

Shrimant Rajesaheb Malojirao Ghorpade of Mudhol (1884-1937) of the Mudhol State Royal family is credited with reviving the Mudhol Hound. He noticed local tribal people called Bedar (Fearless); also called Berad (not – crying) using these hounds for hunting. 

Using selective breeding, he was able to restore the royal Mudhol Hound. On a visit to England in the early 1900s, the Maharaja of Mudhol State presented King George V a pair of hounds, which popularised the Mudhol Hound breed.

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